Musings

Clipping the wings of small business

In yesterday’s double-dip “Emergency” budget, George Osborne announced a new tax that means that one group in society will be paying around £2,000 more from next April.  No, it’s not hedge fund managers, multinationals or the ultra-rich.  It’s small businesspeople.

A reform or just a tax-grab?

Sneaked in under the banner of ‘dividend taxation reform’, his tax hike on share dividends means people running their own businesses as limited companies and taking basic dividends will pay around £2,000 more tax next year.

How?

Taxing you twice

The Treasury used to believe that it was fair to tax things just once; apart from road fuel where drivers are made to pay Fuel Duty on the price of fuel then VAT on top of the Duty.  It seems that enterprise is now fair game too.

If you run a small business, perhaps turning over £200,000 a year and employing a couple of people, you pay Corporation Tax at 20% on the profits.  Business owners used to pay themselves using those profits (already taxed under Corporation Tax, remember) as dividends, paying no more tax until they hit the higher rate tax band.

Pay an extra £2,000 in tax – to start with

Let’s say, like most directors, you take some of your income in salary and some in dividends.  As of next year, you’ll be paying an additional, new 7.5% Dividend Tax.  Unless you earn enough to become a Higher Rate Taxpayer, in which case it’ll be an additional 32.5% of new tax.

For a pretty average business owner earning around £42,000, that’s going to be an extra £2,000 tax to pay on money that’s already been taxed once. And the Chancellor has made it very clear indeed that he sees this 7.5% tax raid as just the start. Expect to see it rise – sharply – in the next few years.

George has got his sights set on your wallet

George has got his sights set on your wallet

But it’s all OK because this “will continue to encourage entrepreneurship and investment, including through lower rates of corporation tax“. Let’s look at that…

Take the money now, get a bit back later

Reductions in Corporation Tax don’t start until two years later in 2017 (19%), then slowly phase in until 2019-20 (18%).  The Dividend Tax hits straight and full-on from April ’17 on earnings from the previous tax year.  And the dividend tax take has a rather greater impact on small businessmen’s income than the reductions in Corporation Tax.  And, in the meantime, the Exchequer will see around £2.5bn in extra tax roll in.

“Aw, diddums,” you’re probably thinking.  “£42k a year, your own business and bitching about paying a bit of extra tax”.  Indeed.  That’ll be £42k that’s come from someone leaving employment and starting their own business.  No more company car, company pension scheme, lunch allowances, private healthcare, redundancy pay, sick pay or holiday pay.  A lot of hours and a lot of stress, sweat and tears in the hope that they’ll – one day – make it.  And most don’t.

Putting the brakes on enterprise

This is a raid on people who are starting out, perhaps a couple of years into running their own business and struggling to make it work.  These are the businesses that are heading down the runway, building up speed and hoping to get properly off the ground.

Osborne said in his Budget:

“This is the first Conservative budget for 18 years. It was Conservatives who first protected working people in the mills, it was Conservatives who introduced state education, it was Conservatives who introduced equal votes for women.  It was Conservatives that gave working people the Right to Buy, so of course it’s now the Conservatives who introduce the National Living Wage. For this is the party for the working people of Britain.”

He should have added “…unless they run their own businesses.”

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3 thoughts on “Clipping the wings of small business

  1. Like it or not, the tax break you defend is not particularly fair: it helps those who are able to organise their affairs to minimise tax.

    Take some examples of someone earning the £42,000 in your example (I’ve calculate these v swiftly so there might be some errors).

    If the individual is unlucky enough to be employed, they pay PAYE and NIC totalling £10352, and the employer pays additional NIC of £4676. Total tax & NIC a staggering £15028.00

    If the individual was self employed, without limited liability, the tax bill would presumably be £6280 and NIC £2880, totalling £9160.

    In your example, the individual has incorporated a limited company. They pay themselves £10,000 salary (no tax, minimal NIC). On the balance of £32,000 the company pays corporation tax of £6,400 and the individual can take the remaining £25,600 as dividends effectively free of tax and NIC. Total tax and NIC a clever £6,400.
    After the July budget, they’ll pay 7.5% on the dividends, increasing the tax yield by £1920 to £8320. As the corporation tax reduction comes in, this will reduce to £7680.

    What precisely is your justification for the limited company tax break?

    Like

  2. 123ndcd says:

    Sorry, to correct one error in my comment, the first £5000 of dividend is tax free so the additional tax is not £1920 but is 7.5% of £20,600 = £1545. Thus the total tax is £7945. Once the corporation tax reduction come in, this reduces to £7305.00.

    This doesn’t factor in the increases in the personal allowance, but equally it doesn’t factor in the NIC payable on the salary element.

    Like

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